Land Documents in Nigeria at Mercy Homes

Nov 1, 2023


Welcome to Mercy Homes, your trusted resource for all things related to real estate and property investment in Nigeria. In this comprehensive guide, we will highlight the significance of land documents in Nigeria and the crucial role they play in your business transactions. Understanding the importance of these documents will empower you to make informed decisions and secure your investments.

Why Are Land Documents Important?

Land documents serve as the legal proof of ownership, ensuring the credibility and legitimacy of a property transaction. Without proper land documents, you run the risk of investing in disputed lands, facing ownership disputes, and encountering legal complications. By obtaining and securing the relevant land documents, you gain confidence in the authenticity of the property and establish a solid foundation for your business ventures.

Types of Land Documents

1. Certificate of Occupancy (C of O)

The Certificate of Occupancy is one of the most essential land documents in Nigeria. It is a legal document issued by the government to confirm ownership and grant the right to use and develop a property. Obtaining a C of O guarantees your lawful interest in the land, protects you from unauthorized seizures, and enhances the value of your investment.

2. Deed of Assignment

The Deed of Assignment serves as evidence of the transfer of ownership from the seller to the buyer. It is a crucial document to ensure the authenticity of the property transaction and protect the buyer's interests. Verifying the Deed of Assignment is necessary to ascertain that the property is free from encumbrances and legally transferable.

3. Survey Plan

The Survey Plan is a graphical representation of a property, displaying its boundaries, dimensions, and neighboring structures. It helps prevent boundary disputes and ensures accuracy in property identification. Before purchasing a land, it is crucial to review the Survey Plan to confirm the property's integrity, location, and adherence to regulations.

4. Excision

An Excision is an order issued by the government, authorizing the removal of a particular land from the state's acquisition to make it freehold. This document is crucial for lands that were previously under government acquisition. Having an Excision assures you of the legality of the land and guarantees its development potential.

5. Governor's Consent

When purchasing a property that has already been assigned a Certificate of Occupancy, it is necessary to obtain the Governor's Consent to transfer the property's ownership legally. The Governor's Consent provides an additional layer of assurance and ensures that the transaction is legally recognized by the State Government.

How to Obtain Land Documents?

Obtaining land documents in Nigeria requires meticulous attention to detail and an understanding of the legal procedures. To secure these documents efficiently, follow these steps:

Step 1: Engage Legal Professionals

Consulting with legal professionals, such as experienced real estate lawyers, will help navigate the legal complexities involved in acquiring land documents. They will guide you through the process, ensure compliance, and protect your interests.

Step 2: Conduct Due Diligence

Thoroughly investigate the property you intend to purchase. Verify its title status, ownership history, and any encumbrances associated with the land. This step is crucial in avoiding fraudulent transactions and safeguarding your investment.

Step 3: Submit Application

Submit a formal application to the appropriate government agency responsible for land documentation. Each state in Nigeria may have its own agency responsible for issuing specific land documents. Ensure all required forms, supporting documents, and fees are included in your application.

Step 4: Pay Necessary Fees

Pay the applicable fees for document processing and registration. It is essential to keep track of the payment receipts and obtain official receipts to validate the transaction.

Step 5: Verification and Approval

The government agency will review your application, conduct verification checks, and inspect the property. Once satisfied with the application, they will grant the necessary approval for the issuance of the land documents.

Step 6: Document Collection

After receiving approval, you can collect your land documents from the relevant government agency. Ensure to keep multiple copies of these documents in secure locations for future reference.

Securing Your Investment

By prioritizing the acquisition of land documents, you not only secure your investment but also gain numerous advantages:

  • Protection against land disputes
  • Facilitation of future property resale
  • Increased market value of your property
  • Compliance with legal requirements
  • Peace of mind for future generations


Understanding the importance of land documents in Nigeria is crucial for a successful and secure business venture. Mercy Homes, your trusted partner in real estate, encourages you to prioritize acquiring and securing these documents to safeguard your investments. By following the proper legal procedures and seeking professional guidance, you can confidently navigate the world of real estate and ensure a prosperous future.


For further information and assistance on land documents in Nigeria, visit Mercy Homes.

Michael Taylor
This article is very informative, thank you for shedding light on land documents in Nigeria! 👍🏽
Nov 8, 2023