Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) - Chicago Mortgage Funding

Feb 10, 2020

Mortgage FAQ Summary

Chicago Mortgage Funding is dedicated to providing transparent and reliable information about the mortgage lending process. We understand that obtaining a mortgage can be overwhelming, especially for first-time homebuyers and those exploring refinancing options.

In this detailed Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section, we aim to address the most common queries related to mortgages. Whether you have questions about mortgage types, interest rates, loan applications, or anything else related to the mortgage industry, we have you covered. Our goal is to empower you with knowledge and guide you through the mortgage process.

1. What is a Mortgage?

A mortgage is a loan provided by a financial institution or lender to help individuals or families purchase a property. It is secured by the property itself, which means that if the borrower fails to make payments, the lender has the right to take possession of the property through a legal process known as foreclosure.

2. What are the Different Types of Mortgages?

There are several types of mortgages available to borrowers, including:

  • Conventional Mortgages: These are traditional loans not insured or guaranteed by the government.
  • FHA Loans: Backed by the Federal Housing Administration, these loans are designed for first-time homebuyers and have flexible qualification requirements.
  • VA Loans: Offered to eligible veterans and active-duty military personnel, VA loans provide competitive interest rates and favorable terms.
  • USDA Loans: Aimed at rural and suburban homebuyers with low to moderate incomes, USDA loans offer zero down payment options.
  • Jumbo Loans: These loans exceed the conforming loan limits set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.

3. How are Interest Rates Determined?

Interest rates for mortgages fluctuate based on several factors, including the borrower's credit score, loan term, and the overall health of the economy. Lenders also consider market conditions and the borrower's debt-to-income ratio when determining interest rates.

4. What is the Loan Application Process?

The loan application process involves several steps:

  1. Prequalification: The borrower provides basic financial information to determine the loan amount they may qualify for.
  2. Loan Application: The borrower completes a formal loan application, providing detailed financial, employment, and personal information.
  3. Documentation Submission: The borrower submits supporting documents such as pay stubs, bank statements, and tax returns to verify the information provided.
  4. Loan Processing: The lender reviews and verifies the documents, conducts an appraisal of the property, and assesses the borrower's creditworthiness.
  5. Loan Approval and Closing: If all requirements are met, the lender approves the loan, and the borrower proceeds with the closing process, signing the necessary documents.

5. How to Improve Credit Score for a Mortgage?

Improving your credit score can help you secure better mortgage terms. Here are some tips:

  • Pay bills on time.
  • Reduce outstanding debt.
  • Use credit responsibly.
  • Avoid opening new credit accounts before applying for a mortgage.

6. What Fees are Associated with Getting a Mortgage?

When getting a mortgage, there are various fees involved, including:

  • Origination fees
  • Appraisal fees
  • Credit report fees
  • Underwriting fees
  • Escrow fees
  • Various taxes and insurance premiums

It's essential to understand and discuss these fees with your lender before proceeding with a mortgage application.

7. What is Mortgage Insurance?

Mortgage insurance is a policy that protects the lender in case the borrower defaults on the loan. If the borrower is unable to provide a significant down payment (typically 20% or more), lenders may require private mortgage insurance (PMI) or FHA mortgage insurance premium (MIP) for FHA loans.

8. Can I Refinance My Mortgage?

Yes, it is possible to refinance your mortgage. Refinancing allows you to replace your existing mortgage with a new one, typically with better terms or a lower interest rate. It can help you lower monthly payments, consolidate debt, or access your home's equity.

9. How Long Does the Mortgage Approval Process Take?

The mortgage approval process can vary based on several factors, including the complexity of the loan, the lender's workload, and the responsiveness of the borrower in providing required documentation. Typically, the process can take 30 to 45 days, but it can be expedited or delayed depending on the circumstances.

10. Should I Choose a Fixed or Adjustable-Rate Mortgage?

The decision between a fixed-rate mortgage (FRM) and an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) depends on your financial goals and comfort level with interest rate fluctuations. An FRM offers stability with a fixed interest rate for the entire loan term. On the other hand, an ARM initially has a lower interest rate, but it can adjust based on market conditions after an initial fixed period.


Chicago Mortgage Funding is here to provide you with comprehensive answers to your mortgage-related questions. We understand that navigating through the mortgage process can be challenging, and we aim to simplify it for you. Our team of experts is ready to assist you with personalized solutions tailored to your unique financial situation. Feel free to reach out to us for any further assistance or to begin your mortgage journey with confidence.