Mortgage Glossary

Apr 6, 2020
Mortgage Guide


Welcome to the Mortgage Glossary provided by Chicago Mortgage Funding, your trusted partner in the Real Estate industry. In this comprehensive glossary, we aim to help you understand common mortgage terms and definitions. Whether you are a first-time homebuyer or a seasoned investor, having a solid understanding of mortgage terminology is essential to make informed decisions. Explore the following list of mortgage terms to empower your knowledge and confidence in the mortgage process.


Amortization is the process of gradually paying off a debt, such as a mortgage, over a specific period of time through regular payments. Each payment consists of a portion towards the principal amount borrowed and the interest accrued.


An appraisal is an evaluation of a property's value conducted by a professional appraiser. The appraiser assesses various factors such as the property's location, condition, and comparable sales to determine its fair market value.

Closing Costs

Closing costs are the fees and expenses associated with finalizing a mortgage loan. These costs typically include appraisal fees, title insurance, attorney fees, and loan origination fees. It's important to consider closing costs when budgeting for your home purchase.

Down Payment

A down payment is a portion of the home's purchase price that the buyer pays upfront. It is typically expressed as a percentage of the total purchase price. The down payment reduces the amount borrowed and affects the loan terms, including interest rates and mortgage insurance requirements.


Equity is the difference between the market value of a property and the outstanding balance on the mortgage. It represents the homeowner's ownership interest in the property. Increasing equity can come through property appreciation, paying down the mortgage, or making home improvements.

Fixed-Rate Mortgage

A fixed-rate mortgage is a mortgage loan with an interest rate that remains constant throughout the loan term. This means that your monthly principal and interest payments stay the same, providing predictability and stability in your housing expenses.

Interest Rate

The interest rate is the cost of borrowing money for a mortgage expressed as a percentage. It determines the amount of interest you will pay over the life of the loan. Interest rates can vary depending on economic conditions, lender policies, and individual financial circumstances.

Loan-to-Value Ratio (LTV)

The Loan-to-Value ratio is a financial metric used by lenders to assess the risk of a mortgage loan. It is calculated by dividing the loan amount by the appraised value of the property. The higher the LTV ratio, the higher the perceived risk for the lender.

Mortgage Insurance

Mortgage insurance is a policy that protects the lender in case the borrower defaults on the loan. It is typically required for borrowers who make less than a certain down payment, such as 20% of the home's purchase price. Mortgage insurance can be paid as a separate premium or included in the monthly mortgage payment.


Preapproval is a process where a lender evaluates a borrower's financial information and creditworthiness to determine the maximum loan amount they are eligible for. Having a preapproval letter can give you an advantage when making an offer on a home, demonstrating your seriousness to the seller.


The principal is the original amount borrowed for a mortgage loan. Each mortgage payment reduces the outstanding principal balance, gradually building equity in the property.


Refinancing is the process of replacing an existing mortgage with a new one, often to take advantage of lower interest rates or to access additional funds. It involves paying off the old loan and starting a new one with different terms and conditions.


A title is a legal document that confirms ownership of a property. It provides information about the property's history, any liens or encumbrances, and the rightful owner. Title insurance is typically purchased to protect against any unforeseen issues.


Congratulations on expanding your mortgage knowledge with our Mortgage Glossary. Chicago Mortgage Funding strives to empower you with the information you need to make informed decisions in the Real Estate industry. Remember, understanding mortgage terms and definitions is vital to navigating the mortgage process confidently. Should you have any further questions or require mortgage assistance, please don't hesitate to reach out to our experienced team.

Rebecca McGilvray
Thanks for sharing this resource! It's really helpful for navigating the mortgage process. πŸ’ͺπŸ”‘πŸ‘
Nov 9, 2023
Scott Grimes
Great resource for understanding mortgage terminology! πŸ’ΌπŸ πŸ”
Nov 8, 2023